- Biblical (or Classical) Hebrew, until about the 3rd century BC, in which most of the Old Testament is written;
- Mishnaic (or Rabbinic) Hebrew, the language of the Mishna (a collection of Jewish traditions), written about 200 AD (this form of Hebrew was never used among the people as a spoken language);
- Medieval Hebrew, from about the 6th to the 13th century AD, when many words were borrowed from Greek, Spanish, Arabic, and other languages; and
- Modern Hebrew, the language of Israel in modern times.
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the history of the Hebrew language is usually divided into four major periods: